by = to go past a place or to stop at a place for a short time.
If you pass
by the store today,
please get some bananas.
pass out = to give to many people; to distribute.
The woman is passing out flowers to everyone
she meets today.
up = to decide not to do something.
She passed up an
opportunity to work for a big company in order to stay home with
her baby .
pick out = buy; choose from a group of things.
There were a lot of great guitars to choose from at the pawn
shop. He picked out this telecaster.
pick up = get or buy
I'm going to pick up some
Chinese food after work.
(the "going to" future tense)
point out = to explain something important; to show
The chef points out the need for having fresh vegetables at
his restaurant every day.
push around = to be mean to another person; to tell someone what to do. This is similar to "boss around."
No one likes the boss. He constantly pushes his employees around.
push through = to try to change a rule or a law very quickly; to use one's influence in order to change something.
The White House is trying to push an energy bill* through Congress.
*bill = a proposal for a law
put off: to do something later; to postpone.
Hang and her boyfriend didn't want to put off geting married any longer, so they got married last year.
out = to extinguish a fire or a cigarette; to stop a fire.
Please put your cigarette out in the ashtray.
b. put out = produce a product; make
This newspaper has been
putting out a daily
paper for over 70 years.
put up with: to tolerate; to permit something.
Harold could no longer put up with a boss who was always yelling at him, so he quit.