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August 13, 2014 - Word of the Day: rise

 

When something rises, it goes up. Because this word is often used as an irregular verb, it's important to see what it looks like in the simple form, the past tense, and the past participle:

rise / rose / risen

This verb is often used when describing the sun:

sunrise

When the sun goes up, it rises.

When the sun goes down, it sets.

  • The sun rises in the east. It sets in the west.
  • Did you see the sunrise this morning? (The word "sunrise" is a noun.)
  • What time did the sun rise this morning?
  • The sun rose at about 7 o'clock this morning.

The word "rise" is often used when something increases, goes higher, or gets larger.

  • Nguyen's chances of getting a job have risen now that her English has improved.
  • The value of gold is rising.
  • Gas prices aren't rising any more. Now they seem to be going down.
  • The dough for the bread needs to rise for a couple of hours before it goes into the oven.
  • After the storm, water levels in the river rose very quickly, flooding the towns nearby.

The verb "rise" is similar to the verb "raise," but you can't use the two words in exactly the same way. "Rise" is intransitive. That means it does not take an object. "Raise" is transitive. It requires an object. Look at the sentences below:

  • The cake is rising. (no object)
  • She is raising two children. (children = object)
  • The height of the building rose quickly. (no object)
  • They raised the height of the building another forty feet. (height = object)

 

 

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