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R
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CHAT   chat

 

DICTATION   

EAR   +   HAND


 

 

Yellow Level

Lesson Fourteen:

Perfect Modal Verbs -- continuous

could should would may might must

  +  have been ______ing

 

I could have been relaxing at home if I didn't have to work today.

They should have been doing their homework at the time that I called.

He would have been working at that company if he hadn't been laid off.

You might have been thinking I was much older.

 

This is a diffficult modal form for beginning and intermediate level students. In this case, you're describing something that was possible in the past; however; another event emerged and forever altered the past. Don't worry about mastering this right now, but listen to how Americans use it--whether correctly or not.

 

This penquin could have been swimming in Antarctica today if he hadn't been captured there two years ago. penguin swimming
They should have been taking a test but instead they skipped school and went to a malt shop.
couple eating
He would have been working in a bank if he hadn't decided to become a beekeeper. beekeeper

He might have been thinking it was earlier. Now he realizes he's late for a meeting.

(This helps describe problems with perception of time.)

office worker

To make the negative, add "not" to the modal:

I shouldn't have been working so late last night. (but I did)

For more practice, go to this listening exercise.

Next: Lesson Fifteen

 

 

 

 

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Listen to the examples

for this verb tense in

The Listening Lab

girl listening

 

 

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