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U.S. Citizenship




 Vowels and consonants



The word of the day is...





Verb phrases are formed by putting a verb and a preposition together. Sometimes verb phrases are called idioms or expressions. Whatever you want to call them, you have to learn about them because they are very common in English. Here are some examples:

  • go into: She's planning on going into medicine. (go into = enter a profession)
  • hold on: Can you hold on a minute? (hold on = wait)
  • bring up: This is a difficult topic to bring up. (bring up = begin a conversation?

Keep in mind that verb phrases often have more than one meaning or more than one application. That's why it's so important to spend time learning about them.

Click here for Red Level Lesson Twenty-seven if you are interested in learning more about verb phrases.

In today's lesson, students learn how to use the verb "go" and then another verb. This is very common in spoken American English, but perhaps not too common in British English. You certainly don't have to speak like this, but be ready for it when you hear it:

  • I have to go eat.
  • We're going to go see a movie.
  • They went to go get some books at the library.
  • Let's go find a place to sit down.
  • She left to go do something.

So, as you can see, the verb "go" is not necessary. You can easily leave it out, but for some reason we use it. Go figure. Learn more about this in Red Level Lesson Twenty-six.

The word of the day is "attract."

two people attracted to each other

Here is a new video for adjectives. The important thing to remember about adjectives is that they are not always easy to recognize. Some students confused adjectives with nouns or verbs.


Your lesson for today is on the verb phrase (be) used to. If you are used to something, you do it whether you like it or not. It's an activity or a situation that is part of your life. Notice the difference between used to (yesterday's lesson) and (be) used to:

  • I am used to cold weather.
  • She is used to waking up early.
  • The students are used to long hours of studying.

Learn more about (be) used to in Red Level Lesson Twenty-four.

Use "used to" when talking about the past. Something happened in the past, and now it's completely finished. You might not return to that activity or situation.

  • I used to eat a lot of junk food. (Now I don't.)
  • He used to live in California. (Now he doesn't.
  • We used to go to that store. (Now we don't.)

This is a very important way of talking about the past You can learn more about it in Red Level Lesson Twenty-three.

The word of the day is "modify." To modify something is to change it, usually for the better.

modified van

Tom modified his van. You should see the inside!

Reflexive pronouns refer to a previous subject in a sentence. Here are some examples:

  • He cut himself while shaving. (The pronoun "himself" refers back to the subject, "he.")
  • She taught herself English. (The pronoun "herself" refers back to the subject, "she.")
  • You should be very proud of yourselves. (The pronoun "yourselves" refers back to the subject, "you.")

You can learn more about reflexive pronouns in Red Level Lesson Twenty.

The word of the day is "more."


I'd like more pizza, please!

This video shows how to form the past perfect continuous tense. It's intended for intermediate and advanced level learners of English.


The word of the day is "less." This small but useful word is difficult to use for some students.

Your lesson for today is on conjunctions: and, but, or, nor, for, yet, and so.

Today is Valentine's Day. What do you know about this holiday? Click here to learn. The word of the day is "passion."

a passion for music He has a passion for music.

The word "like" is used as a verb and in other ways that you should know about. Click here to go to Red Level Lesson Thirteen and learn more about the word "like."

Most Americans use the "going to" future when talking about things that are planned for the future. To do this successfully, you have to think about how the verb "be" changes according to the subject. Here are some examples:

  • I am going to leave for work soon.
  • You are going to need a coat because it's cold outside.
  • She is going to stop by the store.
  • We are going to have a good day.
  • They are going to get the help that they need.

Do you see how to the verb "be" changes in these sentences? You can learn more about this in Red Level Lesson Twelve.

Have you spent any time looking at the prepositions section of the website? If not, you should. It takes a long time to learn how to use prepositions in English. The best way to do that is by reading. On this page, you can find ways that the preposition "above" is used.

Today's lesson is on forming the future tense with the modal verb "will."

The word of the day is "downright."

The word of the day is "forthright."

This new video provides examples of how the words "forth," "forthright," and "forthcoming" might be used.


Today, students studying in the Red Level learn the differences between the adjectives "many" and "much."

  • How much information do you have?
  • How many books do you own?

Do you know why one question uses "much" and the other question uses "many"? If not, click here to learn more.

The word of the day is "prime."

prime of his life

A man who is in the prime of his life feels good about himself.

Today's lesson of the day shows students how to form questions with the helping verb "do."

This sentence is in the present tense:

  • I drive to work.

This question is in the present tense:

  • Do you drive to work?

The helping verb "do" goes at the beginning of the question. It matches the subject, "you."

In this next example, the subject is singular and in the third person: he.

  • Does he drive to work?
  • Yes, he drives to work.

Notice how the helping verb changes to match the subject. Also, the main verb is in the simple form when there is a helping verb.

To learn more about forming questions by using "do." click here.

This new video shows how to use the adverb "anyway" in a sentence:

The verb "do" is an important verb for forming questions and negative verbs. It's also a common main verb. Understanding the verb "do" is extremely important when you first study English. Learn more about "do" as a helping verb in Red Level Lesson One.

Students who are studying in the Blue Level should complete the Blue Level review today and then take the tests today or tomorrow before moving to the Red Level on February 1.

The word of the day is "stink."


Five things you can do to improve your English:


The word of the day is "partner."


Partners cooperate in order to achieve a common goal.

The verb "want" is used to talk about things that you desire:

  • What do you want?
  • What does she want?
  • What do they want?

These are very basic questions that beginning level students must understand how to form. Here are some questions that receive a yes or no answer:

  • Do you want to learn English?
  • Yes, I do.
  • Does he want to learn English?
  • Yes, he does.
  • Do you have time to go to the store today?
  • No, I don't.
  • Do the car have gas in it?
  • No, it doesn't.

Click this link to go to Blue Level Lesson Twenty-five to learn more about the verb "want."

Here's a video from a few years ago:


The word of the day is "promise."


People who get married promise to

love, honor, and obey one another.

The modal verb "can" is very useful when talking about ability (what you can do) and possibility (what is possible).

  • I can play the guitar. (ability)
  • Can you meet me later today? (possibility)
  • Gordon can fix anything. (ability)
  • Sue can find a new job very easily in Seattle. (possibility)

Learn more about "can" in Blue Level Lesson Twenty-three.

New students should practice their reading skills in the Blue Level Reading Room. Try to make it through the entire list of reading assignments during the month of January.

Witnesses are important people in a trial because they have first-hand knowledge of things that they have observed with their ears or their eyes. The word of the day is "witness."


The lawyer asked the witness to answer

some difficult questions.

Today we celebrate the life of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. "We shall overcome."

This new video is for the modal verb "shall."


With the impeachment trial for the President starting next week, I will add to the Word of the Day section more vocabulary that is related to legal matters and the law. Today's word of the day is "court."


The word of the day is "trial."

It's a good idea to study possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns at about the same time. The links above will bring you to the lessons for each of those things.

The word of the day is "flush."

flush left

Use the toolbar to move text flush left or flush right.

The word of the day is "toy."

Use "at all" with a negative in order to make the negative stronger:


Today's Blue Level lesson is about articles. When do you use a, an, or the? This lesson can help you with that.

The word of the day is "meager."

I made this new video to help some of my students with the word "explain."


The word of the day is "dawn."


The sun rises at dawn.

We use the word "there" to point out facts and information. It's used for location, also. Don't forget to use "there" when you talk about the existence of things:

  • There is a big sale at that store.
  • There are five people in that family.
  • There's a lot of junk in the closet.
  • There are many reasons to learn English.

Learn more about the word "there" in Blue Level Lesson Six.

I want to remind new students that if you are studying in the Blue Level, you should also practice your reading skills in the Blue Level Reading Room. Begin with "This is a family."

The word of the day is "chunk."

With the start of a new year, many students return to or begin the Blue Level. I explained this a few days ago.

Click here to go to Lesson One.

Click here to go to Lesson Two.

Complete the exercises and quizzes for each lesson.

You should also practice the reading exercises as you work your way through the Blue Level. Here is the first reading exercise.

The word of the day is "bark." These vocabulary exercises are intended to help you develop your vocabulary skills over a long period of time. Check the home page daily for new words.

dog barking He's barking.

New year, new video:


Each course level on this website has a checklist. Print out and keep the checklist next to your computer, tablet, or phone and use it to track your progress as you move through the lessons:


Click here to go back to December 2019

Click here to go to the LAEO Blog Archive.

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